This powerful approach for understanding personality, was first proposed by Swiss psychologist Carl Jung, and further developed by Isabel Myers.
The theory of psychological type is based in a lifelong developmental model, proposing that we are born with a preferred way of being and insights gained from understanding these individual preferences are relevant for people of all ages.
The essence of the theory is that much seemingly random variation in behavior is actually quite orderly and consistent, being due to basic differences in the way individuals prefer to use their perception and judgment.
If people differ systematically in what they perceive and in how they reach conclusions, then it is only reasonable for them to differ correspondingly in their interests, reactions, values, motivations, and skills.
Using the four preferences scales shown below, the results of taking the MBTI or MMTIC can open a window into how people interact with the world.
|Extraversion (E)||ENERGY||Introversion (I)|
|Sensing (S)||INFORMATION||Intuition (N)|
|Thinking (T)||DECISIONS||Feeling (F)|
|Judging (J)||LIFE STYLE||Perceiving (P)|
The four indices yield sixteen possible combinations called “types,” denoted by the four letters of the preferences (e.g., ESTJ, INFP).